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100 Years of U.S. Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicles 1900-2000

Compiled by David R. Haugh

Oregon, USA

A few notes about this chart and how to read it. While the introduction dates are based on my best research, the early period prior to 1920 may be off as much as 6 months either way. From 1920-1930 within three or four months, and from 1931 on are probably good within just a month or two either way. Under vehicle listings, those shown in italic were commercial ventures and if actually used by the U.S. military, were in small numbers and not standardized. As for the nomenclature (or names) of the vehicles, I have tried to be consistent and used the same format as used by the U.S. military.

For those that would like to look up some more conventional reference sources I would suggest, Armored Car, A History of American Wheeled Combat Vehicles, by Richard Hunnicutt, published by Presidio Press. Searching For Perfection, An Encyclopedia of U.S. Army T-Series Vehicle Development 1925-1958, by David R. Haugh, published by Portrayal Press. U.S. Military Wheeled Vehicles, by Fred Crismon, published by Motorbooks International. A Photo History of Armoured Cars in Two World Wars, by George Forty, published by Blandford Press. And, finally two out of print books; Encyclopedia of Armoured Cars, by Duncan Crow and Robert J Icks, published by Chartwell Books and American Armored Cars, by A.J. Clemens, published by Grenadier Books.

 

The Listing

Date Vehicle Notes
1900 Car, Armored, Steam, 4x2 - Davidson Auto Battery This vehicle was preceded by the Davidson-Duryea 3-Wheeled scout vehicle (1899)
1901 No Entry  
1902 No Entry  
1903 No Entry  
1904 No Entry  
1905 No Entry  
1906 No Entry  
1907 No Entry  
1908 No Entry  
1909 Balloon Destroyer, Davidson-Cadillac, 4x2 This vehicle lead to the Destroyer, Davidson-Cadillac,  Modified, 4x2 (1915).
1910 No Entry  
1911 Car, Scout, Military (Hupmobile)  
  Truck, Armed, 4x2, Federal  
1912 Car, Radio, Davidson-Cadillac, 4x2  
1913 No Entry  
1914 Car, Armored, Davidson-Cadillac, 4x2  
1915 Balloon Destroyer, Davidson-Cadillac, Modified, 4x2 Developed from the Balloon Destroyer, Davidson-Cadillac, 4x2 (1909)
  Truck, Armored, 4x4, Jeffery  
  Car, Armored, 4x4, No. 1, Jeffery  
  Car, Armored, 4x2, White No. 1 The White No. 1 lead to the Car, Armored, 4x2, White No. 2 (1916)
  Car, Armored, 4x2, Mack  
1916 Car, Armored, 4x2, Model T  
  Car, Armored, 4x2, White No. 2 (USMC) Developed from the Car, Armored, 4x2, White No 1 of 1915, and lead to the Car, Armored, 4x2, White (1917).
  Car, Armored, 4x2, King Lead to the Car, Armored, 4x2, King Model E (1917) (USMC and Army Vehicle).
  Car, Armored, Reo Model F (Michigan)  
  Truck, Machine Gun, 4x2 (Michigan)  
  Truck, Armored, 4x4, Jeffery Quad (USMC)  
  Truck, Cargo, 3-ton, 4x4 (Armed) FWD  
  Car, Armored, 4x2, White Developed From the Car, Armored, 4x2, White No. 2 of 1916, lead to the Car, Armored, 4x2, White AEF (1918).  (AEF = American Expeditionary Force)
  Car, Armored, 4x2, King, Model E Developed from the Car, Armored, 4x2, King of 1916.
Date Vehicle Notes
1917 No Entry  
1918 Car, Armored, Lancia IZ Italian AC used by US Army units in Italy.
  Car, Armored, 4x2, White AEF Developed from the Car, Armored, 4x2, White of 1917.
  Car, Armored, 4x2, Standard  
1919 No Entry  
1920 No Entry  
1921 No Entry  
1922 No Entry  
1923 Tractor, Reconnaissance, 4x2, Ford  
1924 No Entry  
1925 No Entry  
1926 No Entry  
1927 No Entry  
1928 Car, Armored, Light, T1  
  Car, Armored, T2  
  Car, Armored, T3  
1929 Car, Armored, T9  
  Car, Armored, T2E1  
  Car, Armored, 4x2, Dodge - 1st Cav Div  
1930 Car, Armored, T2E2  
  Car, Armored, T2E3  
  Car, Armored, T2E4  
  Car, Armored, T7  
  Car, Armored, T8  
  Car, Armored, T10  
  Car, Command, Brigade, 4x2  
  Car, Combat, Ten-Wheel, AAC  
  Car, Scout, 4x2, Chevrolet - USMC  
Date Vehicle Notes
1931 Car, Armored, T4 (1931) > Car, Armored, M1 Lead to Car, Armored, M1 (1934)
  Car, Armored, Convertible, T5 Lead to Car, Combat, T2 (1932).
  Car, Armored, 4x2, Type I - 1st Cav Div  
  Car, Armored, T6 Actually developed from the Car, Armored, T7 (1930).
1932 Car, Combat, T2 Developed from the Car, Armored, Convertible, T5 (1931).
  Car, Scout, T1  
  Car, Scout, T2  
  Truck, Armored, Improvised (China) (1932-1934) Local modified trucks for US forces in China.
  Car, Armored, 4x2, Dunlap  
1933 Car, Scout, T3  
  Car, Scout, T4  
  Car, Scout, T5  
  Car, Scout, Cavalry School  
  Car, Combat, Airborne, M1933 Christie  
  Car, Reconnaissance, A30S-4 - Marmon-Herrington  
  Car, Armored, 4x4, TK-6 - America La France Built for Persia (Iran)
1934 Car, Armored, T11  
  Car, Armored, T11E1  
  Car, Armored, M1 Developed from the Car, Armored, T4 (1931).
  Car, Scout, T7 Lead to the Car, Scout, M1 (1935) and Car, Command, T8.
  Car, Armored, 4x4, TH310 ALF-1 - Marmon-Herrington  
  Car, Scout, 4x2, A7SC - Marmon-Herrington  
  Car, Scout, Half-Track, T6  
  Car, Scout, Chevrolet, 4x2 - US Army  
Date Vehicle Notes
1935 Car, Scout, M1 Developed from the Car, Scout, T7 (1934).
  Car, Scout, T8  
  Car, Scout, T9 Lead to the Car, Scout, M2 (1935), Car, Artillery, T9 (1935) and the Car, Communications, T9 (1935).
  Car, Artillery, T9 Developed from the Car, Scout, T9 (1935)
  Car, Command, T8 Developed from the Car, Scout, T7 (1934)
  Car, Communications, T9 Developed from the Car, Scout, T9 (1935)
  Car, Scout, T10  
  Car, Scout, T11  
  Car, Scout, M2 From the Car, Scout, T9 (1935)
  Car, Scout, T12  
  Car, Squad, T1  
  Car, Squad, T2  
  Car, Training, 4x4, T310 ALP - Marmon-Herrington  
1936 Car, Armored, T11E2  
  Car, Squad, T2E1  
  Car, Squad, T3  
  Car, Armored, Simulated, 4x2 - Dodge  
1937 Car, Command, Armored, T1  
  Car, Command, T8 Developed from the Car, Scout, T7 (1934)
  Car, Scout, T13 Lead to Car, Scout, M4 (1937)
  Car, Scout, M2E1 Developed from the Car, Scout, M2 (1935)
  Car, Scout, M2A1 Developed from the Car, Scout, M2 (1935). Lead to the Car, Scout, M3 (1937), Carriage, Motor, 4.2-inch Mortar, T5E1/M2 and M3A1 Scout Car (1939).
  Car, Scout, M3 Developed from the Car, Scout. M2A1 (1937). Lead to the Car, Scout, M3E1 (1937).
  Car, Scout, M3E1 Developed from the Car, Scout, M3 (1937).
  Car, Scout, M4 Developed from the Car, Scout, T13 (1937)
1938 Carriage, Motor, 4.2-Inch Mortar, T5E1 Developed from the Car, Scout, M2A1/M3 (1937).
  Carrier, Machine Gun, Howie-Wiley  
  Car, Combat, Convertible, T7  
  Car, Combat, Anti-Aircraft, 4x2, Tucker Tiger - American Armament Corp.  
Date Vehicle Notes
1939 Car, Scout, M3A1 Developed from the Car, Scout, M3 (1937)
  Car, Reconnaissance, Artillery, 4x2 (2DT)  
1940 Car, Scout, M3A2 (Diesel Engined) Developed from the Car, Scout, M3A1 (1939)
  Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T2 Lead to Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T2E1 (1941).
  Car, Armored, 8x8, Trackless Tank Lead to Car, Armored, T17 (1941).
1941 Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T2E1 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T2 (1940).
  Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T8  
  Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, T21 Lead to Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, M4/M6 (1942).  
  Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, T23 Lead to Car, Armored, T23 (1941).
  Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T33  
  Car, Armored, T13 Lead to Carriage, Motor, 105mm Howitzer, T39 (1943).
  Car, Armored, T14  
  Car, Armored, T15  
  Car, Armored, T16  
  Car, Armored, T17 Developed from the Car, Armored, 8x8, Trackless Tank (1940). Nicknamed "Deerhound"
  Car, Armored, T18  
  Car, Armored, 6x6, T18E1  
  Car, Armored, T22 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, T22 (1941).
  Car, Armored, T22E1  
  Car, Armored, 6x6, T23 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, T23 (1941). Lead to the Car, Armored, 4x4, T23E1 (1941).
  Car, Armored, 4x4, T23E1 Developed from the Car, Armored, 6x6, T23 (1941).
  Car, Scout, T25  
  Car, Scout, M3A1E2 Developed from the Car, Scout, M3A1 (1939).
  Car, Scout, M3A1E3 Developed from the Car, Scout, M3A1 (1939).
  Tender, Observation Post, T1 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T8 (1941).
  Tender, Observation Post, T2 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 4x4, T8 (1941).
  Car, Scout, Chrysler  
  Car, Armored, 4x4 "Baker Jumping Tank" - Baker Manufacturing  
  Vehicle, Armored, Improvised, 4x2 "Blitz Wagon"  
  Car, Armored, Improvised, 4x2 "Minuteman"  
  Tractor, Machine Gun, 4x2, John Deere  
Date Vehicle Notes
1942 Car, Armored, T13E1  
  Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, 6x6, T14  
  Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, M4/M6 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, T21 (1941).
  Car. Armored, 4x4, T17E1 Lead to the Car, Armored AA, (1943) and Carriage, Motor, 75mm Howitzer, T17E3 (1943).
  Car, Armored, 8x8, T18E2 Nicknamed "Boarhound"
  Car, Armored, 6x6, T19 Lead to Car, Armored, T28 (1943).
  Car, Armored, T20  
  Car, Armored, T21 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, T43 (1942).
  Car, Armored, T22E2 Lead to the Car, Armored, M8 (1943).
  Car, Scout, T24  
  Car, Armored, T23E1 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 37mm Gun, T23E1 (1942).
  Car, Scout, T25E1  
  Car, Armored, Utility, T26 Lead to the Car, Armored, Utility, M20 (1943).
  Car, Armored, 8x8 "Baker Jumping Tank" - Baker Manufacturing  
  Carriage, Motor, 3-inch gun, 8x8, T55 Lead to the Carriage, Motor, 3-inch Gun, 8x8, T55E1 (1943).
  Carrier, Personnel, Armored, 4x4, Reo  
  Truck, Armored, 6x6, Fargo  
1943 Car, Armored, M8 Developed from the Car, Armored, T22E2 (1942)
  Car, Armored, T17 6x6  
  Car, Armored AA, T17E2 4x4 Developed from the Car. Armored, T17E1 (1942).
  Carriage, Motor, 75mm Howitzer, T17E3 Developed from the Car. Armored, T17E1 (1942).
  Car, Armored, 6x6, T19E1 Lead to the Carriage, Motor, 75mm Gun, T66 (1943).
  Car, Scout, T25E2  
  Car, Scout, T25E3  
  Car, Armored, Utility, M20 Developed from the Car, Armored, Utility, T26 (1942).
  Car, Scout, 4x2, Ford S1 (Australia)  
  Car, Armored, T28 Developed from the Car, Armored, T19 (1942). Lead to the Car, Armored, M38 (1944)
  Carriage, Motor, 75mm Gun, T66 Developed from the Car, Armored,T19E1 (1943).
  Carriage, Motor, Multiple Gun, T69 Developed from the Car, Armored, M8 (1943).
  Carriage, Motor, 105mm Howitzer, T39 Developed from the Car, Armored, T13 (1941).
  Carriage, Motor, 3-inch gun, 8x8, T55E1 Developed from the Carriage, Motor, 3-inch Gun, 8x8, T55 (1942).
  Truck, Armored, Light, T19  
1944 Car, Armored, T27 Lead to the Carriage, Motor, 75mm Howitzer, T46.
  Car, Chemical, T30 Developed from the Car, Armored, M8 (1943).
  Car, Armored, M38 Developed from the Car, Armored, T28 (1943). Lead to the Car, Armored, M38 w/M24 Light Tank Turret (1946).
  Truck, Cargo, 2 1/2-ton, 6x6, GMC CCKW (Armored). Kits for modifications in the field.
1945 No Entry  
1946 Car, Armored, M38 w/M24 LT Turret Developed from the Car, Armored, M38 (1944).
Date Vehicle Notes
1947 No Entry  
1948 No Entry  
1949 No Entry  
1950 No Entry  
1951 No Entry  
1952 No Entry  
1953 No Entry  
1954 No Entry  
1955 No Entry  
1956 Carrier, Personnel, Wheeled, Armored, T115  
1957 No Entry  
1958 No Entry  
1959 Car, Armored, Air Cushion - National Research Association  
1960 No Entry  
1961 Vehicle, Patrol, Armored - Commando V100  
  Car, Armored, 4x4 - Unimog - USMC  
1962 Car, Armored, Light, Wheeled, 4x4 - Chrysler Mac-1, used by Mexico.  Lead to Car, Armored, 4X4, Mac-2 (1973)
  Car, Armored, 4x4 - Cadillac-Gage  
1963 No Entry  
1964 No Entry  
1965 Car, Armored, XM706 Developed from the Vehicle, Patrol, Armored -  Commando V100 (1961). Lead to the Car, Armored, XM706E1
1966 Transporter, Armored, Special Warfare, 8x8 - Chrysler  
1967 Truck, Utility, 1/4-Ton, M151 (Armored) Vietnam  
  Truck, Cargo, Personnel, 3/4-Ton, M37 (Armored) Vietnam  
  Truck, Cargo, 2 1/2-ton, M35 (Armored) Vietnam  
  Truck, Cargo, 5-ton, M54 (Armored) Vietnam  
  Truck, Dump, 5-ton, M51 (Armored) Vietnam  
  Car, Armored, Military, 4x4 - Bauer Ordnance  
Date Vehicle Notes
1968 Car, Armored, Escort, XM706E1 Developed from the Car, Armored,XM706 (1965).
  Car, Armored, Light, XM706E2 Developed from the Car, Armored,XM706 (1965).
1969 Vehicle, Scout, Reconnaissance, Armored, 6x6, XM800  
1970 Car, Armored, 8x8, XM-808 (Twister)  
1971 Car, Armored, M706 Developed from the Car, Armored, XM706E1 (1968).
  Car, Armored, Light, 4x4 - Commando V150 Lead to the Car, Armored, 4x4 - Commando V150S (1989).
  Car, Armored, 4x4 - Commando V200  
1972 Vehicle, Scout, Reconnaissance, Armored, 6x6, Ford/AAI  
  Vehicle, High Mobility, XR311  
1973 Car, Armored, 4X4 - Chrysler MAC-2, prototype only; Developed from, Car, Armored, Light, Wheeled, 4x4 - Chrysler  (1962)
1974 No Entry  
1975 Car, Scout, 4x4 Commando Scout  
1976 No Entry  
1977 Vehicle, Scout, Recon, 4X4, Cheetah Developed by Teledyne and Lamborghini of Italy
1978 Car, Armored, 4x4, AM300  
  Carrier, Personnel, Armored, 4x4, AM301  
  Carrier, Armored, 4x4, AM330  
  Carrier, Armored, 4x4, AM331  
1979 Car, Armored, Light, 4x4 Commando Ranger  
1980 Truck, Security Police, Armored Response/Convoy (Peacekeeper) Developed from the Car, Armored, Light, 4x4 Commando Ranger (1979)
  Vehicle, Armored, Support, 6x6 (Hydracobra) - Bell Aerospace  
  Truck, Utility: TOW Carrier, Armored, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, XM966 Lead to the Truck, Utility: TOW Carrier, Armored, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, M966 (1983).
  Carrier, Personnel, Armored, 6x6 (Hydracobra) - Bell Aerospace  
1981 Vehicle, Fast Attack, 4x2  w/40mm GL, XM1040 - Emerson Electric  
  Vehicle, Fast Attack, 4x2 w/TOW, XM1041 - Emerson Electric  
  System, Weapons, Protected, Mobile (MPWS) 6x6 (Wolverine) - Vought  
1982 No Entry  
Date Vehicle Notes
1983 Carrier, Personnel, Armored, 4x4 - Emergency One Mk44  
Car, Armored, 4x4, Dragoon 300 - AV Technology
  Vehicle, Fast Attack, 4x2, NMC-40 - Nordac Manf Corp  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light - Anti-Tank, 8x8 - USMC - General Motors  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, 25mm Gun, 8x8 - US Army - XM1047  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, 25mm Gun, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-25  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, Mortar, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-M  
  Truck, Utility: TOW Carrier, Armored, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, M966 Developed from the Truck, Utility: TOW Carrier, Armored, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, XM966(1980)
  Truck, Utility: Armament Carrier, Armored, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, M1025  
  Truck, Utility: Armament Carrier, Armored, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, with Winch, M1026  
  Truck, Utility: TOW Carrier, Armored, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, with Winch, M1036  
  Truck, Utility: Armament Carrier, W/Supplemental Armor, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, M1043  
  Truck, Utility: Armament Carrier, W/Supplemental Armor, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, W/Winch, M1044  
  Truck, Utility: TOW Carrier, W/Supplemental Armor, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, M1045  
  Truck, Utility: TOW Carrier, W/Supplemental Armor, 1-1/4 Ton, 4x4, with Winch, M1046  
  System, Air Defense, 35mm Gun, 8x8 - Standard Mfg Co  
1984 Vehicle, Multi-Purpose Rapid, 4x2 - TPC  
  Vehicle, Fast Attack, 4x4 - Shadow/TEREX  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, Logistics, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-L  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, Recovery, 8x8 - USMC -LAV-R  
1985 Vehicle, Light Forces, 4x2 - Teledyne Continental  
  Gun, Air-Defense, Self-Propelled, 25mm, 4x4 (Defender 2) - General Electric  
  Car, Armored, 6x6 - Commando V300 Lead to the Car, Armored, 6x6, LAV 300 Mk II (1999).
Date Vehicle Notes
1986 Mobile Armored Recon Vehicle, 8x8 - USAF - General Motors  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, Command & Control, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-C2  
1987 Car, Armored, 6x6 Commando V600  
1988 Vehicle, Light Strike, 4x2 for USN Seals - Chenowth  
1989 Car, Armored, 4x4 - Commando V150S Developed from the Car, Armored, Light, 4x4 - Commando V150 (1971).  Lead to the Vehicle, Security, Armored, 4x4 - Commando ASV-150 (1995). ASV = Armored Security Vehicle.
  Vehicle, Assault, Light, Air Defense, 8x8 (Guardian) FMC  
1990 Vehicle, Support, Armored, 4x4, Viking - Tetradyne  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, Personnel Carrier, 8x8 - ARNG - LAV-APC  
1991 Vehicle, Light Strike, 4x2  (3 man) for USMC - Chenowth  
1992 No Entry  
1993 No Entry  
1994 Vehicle, Security, Armored, 4x4, Dragoon ASV - AV Technology  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, Mobile Electronic Warfare Support System, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-MEWSS  
1995 Vehicle, Security, Armored, 4x4 - Commando ASV-150 Developed from the From the Car, Armored, 4x4 - Commando V150S (1989).
1996 System, Reconnaissance, NBC, 8x8, TRW Developed from the Vehicle, Armored, Light, Command & Control, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-C2
1997 No Entry  
1998 Vehicle, Armored, Light, Air Defense, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-AD  
1999 Vehicle, Security, Armored, XM1117  
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, 105mm, 8x8 (LAV 105mm) - General Motors  
  Car, Armored, 6x6, LAV 300 Mk II Developed from the From the Car, Armored, 6x6 - Commando V300 (1985).
  Vehicle, Fast Attack, Interim (IFAV) - USMC Developed from the Mercedes-Benz GDT 290 "G-Wagen".
2000 Vehicle, Armored, Light, 25mm Gun, 8x8 - US Army - LAV-III Developed from the Vehicle, Armored, Light, 25mm Gun, 8x8 - USMC - LAV-25 (1983).  Eventually developed into the Stryker IFV Series of vehicles.
  Vehicle, Armored, Light, 6x6 - US Army - Pandur