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Willys MA

"Jeep" 1/4 Ton 4x4 Utility Vehicle

 


Statistics

Country of Origin/Used by: USA, China, Czechoslovakia, Great Britain, Russia & Yugoslavia
First Produced/Service Dates: 1941
Manufactured by: Willys-Overland Motors
Crew: 2+2
Armament: None.  Theoretically, it could carry (1) .30 cal Machine gun or (1) .50 cal HMG.  Also, tests were conducted with a dual .50 cal HMG mount, but the weapon was also not adopted.
Engine: 4-Cylinder Gasoline (61hp "Go-Devil")
Miscellaneous Info:

As a completely private venture, Willys first entered the US Government’s competition to find a standardized 1/4 ton 4x4 military utility vehicle by entering their Quad 4x4 Reconnaissance Car.  Although performing well during the feasibility testing, it was evident to Willys that improvements/changes would need to be made to the Quad if they hoped to secure the contract.  Even before testing was completed on the Quad, the company started work on what would become the improved Willys MA Utility Vehicle.  The MA was essentially the same as the Quad in terms of automotive and suspension components, but included a completely redesigned exterior closely matching the other Bantam Mark 2 Recon Car and Ford Pygmy prototype vehicles.

As the MA was completed, competitors American-Bantam Company and Ford Motor Company also had capable vehicle prototype vehicles still in contention for the utility vehicle contract.  As the quality and capabilities of the three vehicles was so comparable, the US Military decided to allow Bantam, Willys and Ford to each produce 1,500 vehicles in their latest design version, which would be put through further tests and trials; the best design being selected as the US Military's standard 1/4 ton 4x4 utility vehicle.  The three vehicle designs: the Bantam BRC-40, Ford GP and Willys MA, are often referred to as the "pre-standardized" Jeeps.  Ultimately, approximately 1,555 Willys MA vehicles were produced, of which about 50 included four-wheel steering.  Most vehicles were eventually used by US Allies during World War Two, including many sent to Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia in the Post-War years. After the final tests were completed, the vehicle design finally selected for standardized production by the US was the Willys MA (with Ford GP design features being incorporated into it).  That vehicle became the ubiquitous Willys MB/Ford GPW Jeep.

Data Sheet Available:   None

Photos

Reference Source/Provider
      Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Photos David Doyle - Memphis, Tennessee USA
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Photos Dave Haugh - Content Editor
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Photos (Photographed at the U.S. Veterans Memorial Museum - Huntsville, Alabama USA) Patrick Keenan - Editor
      Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Photos U.S. Library of Congress
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Photos Willys-Overland Motors via Dave Haugh
  Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Photos Dave Haugh

References Available

Online

Reference Source/Provider
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Information and Photos Gavin Walker's Willys MA Site
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Information and Photos CJ3B.Info
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Information and Photos Jeep Enthusiast
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Information and Photos The M38A1 Restoration Site
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Information and Photos Olive Drab.Com
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Information and Photos Tanks Encyclopedia
Willys MA Jeep Utility Vehicle Information and Photos US Veterans Memorial Museum

Printed

Reference Author
All-American Wonder: The Military 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck -Volumes 1-3 (Victory WW2 Publishing) Ray Cowdery (Vol. 1 & 2) & Fred Crismon (Vol. 3)
"Early Willys Jeeps" (Wheels & Tracks #9)  
Essential Military Jeep (Bay View Books) Graham Scott
Jeep Genesis: The Rifkind Report  (ISO-Publications) Herbert Rifkind
Jeep Goes to War: A Pictorial Chronicle (Courage Books) William Fowler
Jeep: Warhorse, Workhorse & Boulevard Cruiser (Motorbooks International) David Featherston

Jeeps: 1941-45 (Osprey Publishing- New Vanguard #117)

Steve Zaloga
"Meet the Ancestors" (April 2012 Issue of Military Machines International Magazine) Mark Askew
Military Jeep: 1940 Onwards (Ford, Willys & Hotchkiss) (Haynes Publishing - Enthusiasts' Manual) Pat Ware
Military Jeeps: 1941-1945 (Brooklands Book Distribution, Ltd.) T. Richards
Pre-Standardized Jeep Walkaround (5711) (Squadron-Signal Publications)

Review by Patrick Keenan at the Armor Modeling and Preservation Society (AMPS) Website
David Doyle
Rare WW2 Jeep Photo Archives: 1940-1945 (Jeep Promotions, Ltd.) Mark Askew
U.S. Military Wheeled Vehicles (Crestline Books) Fred W. Crismon
"Willys Quad and MA: From a Private Venture to the Ubiquitous Jeep" (Wheels & Tracks #31)  
World War II Jeep In Action (First Edition) (Squadron Signal Publications) David Doyle
World War II Jeep In Action (Second Edition) (Squadron Signal Publications)

Review on WarWheels by Andrew Renshaw
David Doyle

Hobby Modeling

Kits and Accessories

Model Kit Manufacturer Scale Other Information
       
Aftermarket Item Manufacturer Scale Other Information
       

Model Photos

Reference Source/Provider