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BA-6M, BA-10A & BA-10M Heavy Armored Car

 

BA-10A Armored Car


Statistics

Country of Origin/Used by: BA-6M: Russia
BA-10A & BA-10M: Russia, Finland & Germany
First Produced/Service Dates: BA-6M:  1937
BA-10A: 1938-1939
BA-10M: 1939-1941
Manufactured by: BA-6M & BA-10A: Izhorskiy Zavod (Some BA-10A hulls may have been built by Vyska Zavod).
BA-10M: Izhorskiy Zavod and Plant 189 in Leningrad.
Crew: 4
Armament: Main: (1) 45mm Cannon*; Co-Axial: (1) 7.62mm DT Machine Gun; Hull: (1) 7.62mm DT MG   [*The BA-6M was fitted with the M1932 cannon, the BA-10A was equipped with both the M1934 (early) & M1938 (later) weapons and the BA-10M mounted the M1938 cannon.]
Engine: 4 Cylinder Petrol (GAZ M1 50hp)
Miscellaneous Info: The BA-6M, BA-10A and BA-10M armored cars have been combined into one vehicle index due to their similarity; specifically their almost identical outward appearance.

In 1937, the improved BA-6M was developed to eventually succeed the earlier BA-6 armored car.  However, it never did as only one was actually built, although some sources state that 15-20 were finished.  Both the BA-6 and BA-6M were built on the GAZ-AAA truck chassis, however, the BA-6M was fitted with the more powerful GAZ-M1 engine.  Other changes to the BA-6M were the addition of a new smaller, conical turret, the fitting of a radio (for the first time in Soviet heavy armored cars) and increased armor.  Despite the changes, the weight of the newer vehicles was lighter than its BA-6 predeccessor.  Although the BA-6M was almost a footnote in history, its design directly led to the development of the more capable BA-10A Heavy Armored Car.

In 1938, the BA-10A
** went into production and was also issued to Soviet units that same year.  The BA-10A was essentially a slightly improved version of the BA-6M, although it was built on a slightly-shortened GAZ-AAA truck chassis instead.  Major differences between the BA-6M and BA-10A vehicles was that the BA-10A had an upgraded suspension and was fitted with improved/simplified 45mm cannon (initially the Model 1934 weapon, and later the Model 1938 gun).  Two easily identifiable visual cues to differentiate between the BA-10A and the BA-6M is the replacement of tow hooks with "D" tow shackles and the addition of armored headlight covers.  Approximately 489 BA-10A's were built in 1938. 

**
Many sources list this vehicle as the BA-10.  In fact, there are some references made to it in official contemporary Russian documents.  However, based on further research and analysis of multiple Russian primary references, no BA-10's were ever actually built;  the official name was BA-10A.

In 1939, the final vehicle in the series, the BA-10M heavy armored car, went into production.  The BA-10M was yet again essentially an improved model of the same basic design.  The BA-10M also mounted the later Model 1938 45mm Cannon like the BA-10A, but was fitted with additional armor around the hull machine gun, was equipped with an improved radio (when fitted) and had a better range of operations due to the new, larger rectangular fuel tanks fitted above the rear wheels.  These fuel tanks are commonly misidentified as storage boxes for the vehicles' rear "overall" tracks.

The BA-10A and BA-10M vehicles were the most produced models in the Soviet's BA series of heavy armored cars, with about 3,377 built from 1938-1941. Besides being in service with the Soviets, captured vehicles were used by the Finnish Army (designated Ps25, 26 & 27) and German forces as well. In fact, the Germans captured so many BA-6, BA-10A & BA-10M's that they created an official designation for them: the Panzerspahwagen BA-203(r).


Lastly, the only official sub-variants of these (3) three vehicles were the BA-10A ZhD and BA-10M ZhD Rail Scout Cars. The ZhD scout cars were equipped with normal road wheels as well as flanged rail wheels.  These two wheel sets could be exchanged when needed so the vehicle could switch between running on the roads and the rails.
Data Sheet Available:   None Available

Photos

Reference Source/Provider
  BA-6M Heavy Armored Car Photo The Izhorskiy Plant Archives
BA-10A Heavy Armored Car Photos Finnish Armed Forces (SA-Kuva)
BA-10A Heavy Armored Car Photos The German Bundesarchiv
  BA-10A Heavy Armored Car Photo The Izhorskiy Plant Archives
BA-10M Heavy Armored Car Photos Finnish Armed Forces (SA-Kuva)
  BA-10M Heavy Armored Car Photo The German Bundesarchiv

References Available

Online

Reference Source/Provider
BA-10A Armored Car Line Drawings The Blue-Prints.Com
BA-10A Armored Car Information and Photos Tanks Encyclopedia
BA-10A Armored Car Information and Photos War Is Over Website
BA-10A Armored Car Photos (In German Use) Beutepanzer.ru Website
BA-10A Armored Car Photos [In 1st Division - Russian Liberation Army (ROA) Use] Beutepanzer.ru Website
BA-10A Armored Car Photos [In Russian National Liberation Army (RONA) Use] Beutepanzer.ru Website
BA-10M Armored Car Line Drawings The Blue-Prints.Com

Printed

Reference Author
A Photo History of Armoured Cars in Two World Wars George Forty
Armored Cars of Stalin (Eksmo) - Russian Language M. Kolomietz
Captured Armored Cars and Other Vehicles in Wehrmacht Service In World War II (Schiffer Military History) Werner Regenberg
Encyclopedia of Armoured Cars Duncan Crow & Robert J. Icks
Medium Armored Cars of the Red Army (Strategia KM) - Russian Language M. Kolomietz
  "Playing it Safe" (April 2017 Issue of Classic Military Vehicle Magazine) James Kinnear
Russian Armored Cars: 1930-2000 (Darlington Productions) James Kinnear
Russian Armored Fighting Vehicles: World War II AFV Plans (Stackpole Books) George Bradford
Russian Armoured Cars: To 1945 (AFV Weapons Profile #60) John Milsom

Hobby Modeling

Kits and Accessories

Model Kit Manufacturer Scale Other Information
BA-6M Armored Car Model Kit (362) UniModel (UM) 1/72 Injection Molded Plastic.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (1033) Commanders Series 1/35 Resin.  Out of Production.  Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (35141)

Parts Photos Courtesy of Sterling Lowery - Willington, UK
Eastern Express 1/35 Injection Molded Plastic; Older Kit.  Same as Zvezda kit? Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (83840) HobbyBoss 1/35 Injection Molded Plastic; Newly Tooled Kit. Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (RT015) KMR 1/35 Resin. Out of Production?
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit Replica 1/72 Resin.  Out of Production? Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (501) UniModel (UM) 1/48 Injection Molded Plastic. Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (319) UniModel (UM) 1/72 Injection Molded Plastic. Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car with Tracks Model Kit (366) UniModel (UM) 1/72 Injection Molded Plastic. Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (3617) Zvezda 1/35 Injection Molded Plastic; Older Kit.  Same as Eastern Express kit? Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
BA-10A Armored Car Model Kit (6149) Zvezda 1/100 Injection Molded Plastic; Snap-Tite. Looks to be a BA-10M or can be built as either a BA-10A or BA-10M.
       
Accessory/Detail Set Manufacturer Scale Other Information
Soviet 45mm 20K Gun Barrel (L-174) Aber 1/35 Turned Aluminum. Useable for BA-6, BA-10 Armored Cars and T26 Tank. Looks to also include the a barrel for the co-axial 7.62mm DT Machine Gun.
GAZ-AAA, BA-3, BA-6, BA-9 & BA-10A Armored Car Wheel Set (7203) Armory 1/72 Resin.
"Axis Allies RONA and ROA: Russian Volunteers In Wehrmacht Service" (35093) Bison Decals 1/35 Markings for multiple vehicle types, including the BA-10M armored car.
GAZ-AAA, BA-6 & BA-10A Armored Car Wheel Set (35045) Hauler 1/35 Resin.
BA-10A Detail Set (48329) Hauler 1/48 Photo-Etched Brass.  For UM Kit #501
GAZ-AA & GAZ-AAA Wheel Set (35031) Hussar Productions 1/35 Resin. Can be used on the BA-3, BA-6 and BA-10A/10M Armored Cars
BA-10A Armored Car Wheel Set (35118) Hussar Productions 1/35 Resin. For Hobby Boss Kit.
7.62mm DT Machine Gun (3) Barrels (LM10041) Lionmarc 1/35 Turned Brass.
45mm M1932 Gun Barrel  (LM10040) Lionmarc 1/35 Turned Aluminum.
7.62mm DT Machine Gun (2) Barrels (MM3560) Magic Models 1/35 Turned Brass.
45mm M1932 Gun Barrel  (MM3551) Magic Models 1/35 Turned Aluminum.
45mm M1932/34 Gun Barrel  (MM3550) Magic Models 1/35 Turned Aluminum.
GAZ-AAA, BA-6 & BA-10A Armored Car Wheel Set (MC23501) Masterclub 1/35 Resin.
GAZ-AAA Wheel Set (35112) Miniart 1/35 Injection Molded Plastic.  Can be used on the BA-3, BA-6 and BA-10A/10M Armored Cars
45mm 20K Gun Barrel (1932 Prod.) (MP3501) Modelpoint 1/35 Turned Aluminum.
45mm 20K Gun Barrel (1934 Prod.) (MP3501-1) Modelpoint 1/35 Turned Aluminum.
BA-10A and BA-10M Upgrade Set (35449) MR Modellbau 1/35 Resin.  For Hobby Boss kit 83840.
45mm 20-K M1932 Gun Barrel (35b72) RB Model 1/35 Turned Aluminum.
45mm 20-K M1934 Gun Barrel (35b73) RB Model 1/35 Turned Aluminum.

"BA-10M in German Service" Decals (35-902)

Star-Decal

1/35

Decals.

"BA-10 and BA-20 Armoured Cars In Foreign Service" (35-889)

Star-Decal

1/35

Decals.

BA-6 Armored Car Wheel Set (STZ023) Tank Workshop 1/35 Resin.  Can be used on the BA-10A and BA-10M Armored Cars.
BA-10A Detail Set (PE35721) Voyager 1/35 Photo-Etched Brass.  For Hobby Boss Kit 83840.

Model Photos

Reference Source/Provider
BA-10M Armored Car Model Kit (1/35 Zvezda) David Blankenship- Tallmadge, Ohio USA